Protecting Groundwater Quality Through Hydraulic Fracturing

Natural gas is an abundant resource that can be used by technology

Hydraulic fracturing is sometimes known as hydraulic drilling, hydraulic stimulation, or hydraulic fracture. This method is used in the U.S. for the horizontal directional drilling of oil and gas resources. The hydraulic fracturing method includes hydraulic fracturing liquids such as water, oil, dirt, synthetic gas and saltwater. Hydraulic fracturing is a well stimulation method involving the fracture of borehole formation by a high-pressure liquid injected into the formation. In the past, natural gas and oil were the only source of hydraulic fluids but in recent times the usage of hydraulic fracturing fluid has grown tremendously.

Natural gas is an abundant resource but in the U.S. most of the wells are located in the northern part of the country whereas the southern part relies on the drilling of oil wells in the middle of the country. The oil well in the U.S.A lies in a Middle Eastern country and most of the gas field has to travel through various countries and states before reaching the targeted area. The drilling is mostly done by hand and there are instances when trucks with hydraulic fracturing fluids are used. In most cases the truck is fitted with the latest technology equipment.

hydraulic gas requires high pressures and high temperatures

The natural gas and oil fields are the most productive ones and this is why they are the preferred choice of drillers. The method is called hydraulic fracturing because the fracture occurs as a result of hydraulic forces. In the U.S. the practice is mostly utilized in the shale layer which contains numerous pores and cracks due to the high pressure of the liquids. These fractures are very small and it requires high pressures and high temperatures to open them.

This method uses high temperatures to open up the fissures and fractures and to extract the gas and oil from the shale layer. This is the reason why the use of this method has to be carefully monitored. According to the new BIMR hydraulic fracturing rule, companies have to ensure that there is not more than 2% of an average well capacity being used in any one well. In order to reach this limit, companies use water quality testing devices to find out what the water quality is in the aquifer they are planning to drill into. Once a company finds out the water quality standards they are working with, then they can go ahead and begin hydraulic fracturing.

Conclusion

The reason why the new BIMR rule was introduced is to ensure that the environment does not become contaminated during the hydraulic fracturing process. This contamination can have a serious effect on the people living in the wells and areas around them. The BIMR rule specifies how companies have to clean up the site of the hydraulic fracturing operation. They have to take care of all the possible contamination at the site and they have to be done within the shortest time possible. The waste water produced after hydraulic fracturing is generally treated and sent for treatment facilities. The purpose of this is to make sure that the natural gas produced by the drilling process is free from contaminants.

There are many reasons why the hydraulic fracturing process has to be controlled in order to protect the groundwater quality in the United States. One of the main reasons is to make sure that the natural gas produced does not pollute the environment when it is being pumped through our soil. Another important reason is to keep the natural gas from leaking into the atmosphere. Without preventing leakage, there is a big risk that the methane gas that is created during the drilling process will get trapped inside the porous layer of the earth’s crust and may cause catastrophic climate change. This has been one of the biggest threats posed by the drilling process, but now with the new BIMR rules, companies have to be more responsible when it comes to their actions when it comes to the groundwater quality.

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